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Theories and Models and Need Used for Public Health Interventions

?Review ?Read Essentials of Planning and Evaluation for Public Health to prepare for this week’s discussion and assignments. oChapter 4 – Theories and Models oChapter 10 – Populations and Samples ?Watch Staying Ahead of the Curve: Modeling and Public Health Decision Making (01:02:05) (opens in new window) Discussion | Theories and Models and Need Used for Public Health Interventions Review the assigned readings and media to prepare for this discussion. ?Six Components Necessary for Effective Public Health Program Implementation (opens in new window) ?Common Models used in Public Health Planning and Interventions oCommunity-Based Model: NCBI: Community-Based Interventions (opens in new window) oTranstheoretical Model: NCBI: Transtheoretical Model of Change during Travel Behavior Interventions: An Integrative Review (opens in new window) oTheory of Planned Behavior and Neo-Socioanalytic Theory Model: NCBI: Testing Theory of Planned Behavior and Neo-Socioanalytic Theory Models of Trait Activity, Industriousness, Exercise Social Cognitions, Exercise Intentions, and Physical Activity in a Representative U.S. Sample (opens in new window) o oHealth Belief Model: BMC Public Health: Factor Structure and Internal Reliability of an Exercise Health Belief Model Scale in a Mexican Population (opens in new window) Over the past decade, we have experienced a significant global increase in lifestyle-related chronic and infectious diseases. In parallel, scientists, clinicians, and public health practitioners have focused on utilizing various theories and models in the planning and implementation of public health programs. However, as social, behavior, lifestyle, individual, and community risk factors have become more complex, so has designing evaluation criteria and selecting the most appropriate model for the interventions. The most common health behavior theories used to inform intervention designs and evaluations are Theory of Planned Behavior, the Transtheoretical Model, and the Health Belief Model (HBM). Respond Consider a disease or situation that is threatening your community such as heart disease, obesity, or HIV/AIDS and discuss how the community is at risk, the estimated number of people and any interventions of which you are aware. 1.Discuss the roles behavior, belief theories, and principles. How do they function in designing and planning an effective public health program and health policy development? 2.How do the roles of ethical and faith-based decision-making frameworks impact traditional health behavior theory? Discuss Respond to the initial prompt with a substantive post by the first deadline. REQUIRED TEXT Essentials of Planning and Evaluation for Public Health oMauffette-Leenders, L. A., Erskine, J. A., & Leenders, M. R. (2007). Learning with cases. London, Ontario: Richard Ivey School of Business. oStroh, D. P. (2015). Systems thinking for social change: A practical guide to solving complex problems, avoiding unintended consequences, and achieving lasting results. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing.